The mountains of
Uzbekistan enter in structure of Tyan-Shan and Alay mountain systems. On territory turn the western spurs of
Tyan-Shan and Gissar-Alay mountain system.
To south and west they gradually lower and turn to plains.
Internal (tectonic) power of Earth formed folds grown the powerful ranges of mountains.
The mountains and foothills with brook relief, located in east and south-east part of Uzbekistan, where they unite with powerful mountain deep brook massive on territory of Kirgizya and Tadjikistan. Mainly this
Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, Kuramin ranges and their western and south-western spurs, concerning to
Western Tyan-Shan system and Turkestan, Zerafshan and Gissar ranges with their continuous on south-western -
Babatag and Kugintangtau ranges, concerning to Gissar-Alay system.
Entering on territory of Uzbekistan its spurs formed radiating bundle of mountain chains, constantly less in north-western and south-western directions. The character example is
Maygashkan and Surenata ranges in western Tyan-Shan system and Nuratau,
Aktau and Kuratau ranges and Karatepa and Ziadin-Zirabulak mountains, being the last of
Entering in Western Tyan-Shan system the mountain ranges (Karjantau, Ugam, Pskem, Chatkal, Kuramin) began from Talass Alatau (on border with Kirgizstan), further as fan radiate from here and continuos to north-east to south-west.
The more high point of Talass Alatau is mountain Manas (4482m).
The high point of Chatkal range on territory of Uzbekistan - Greater Chimgan peak (3309 m).
Between Chatkal and Kuramin ranges located Akhangaran valley.
The apexes of Western Tyan-Shan covered with snow and glaciers.
The Chatkal and Kuramin ranges border on north with Fergana valley. From east she borders with
Fergana range, from south with Alay and Turkestan ranges.
To north-west from Turkestan range raises the Malguzar range, to south-west
Chumkartau range. Only the north slopes of Chumkartau entering on territory of Uzbekistan. The valley of
Sanzar river separate the Malguzar mountains from Nuratau mountains. The weak point in this valley named
The Nuratau mountains stretch on 180 km. Their north slope is steep, the south slope is gently sloping. The high point of North part of Nuratau mountains is
Khayatbashi apex (2165 m). The south part of Nuratau mountains consists from separate apexes (Aktau, Karatau, Karagatau, Gabduntau).
On the south and as parallel to Turkestan range located Zarafshan range. With self eastern part he entering on territory of Tadjikistan. On south from Zarafshan range located
Gissar range and his south-western spurs (Yakkobag, Surkhantau, Kugikantau, Baysuntau, Chakgar and other). Here located the
highest point of Uzbekistan - the Khazret Sultan (4643 m).
In western part of Gissar range are two glaciers - Batirbay and Severcev. On south of Uzbekistan along of border with Tadjikistan located
Babatag range. The high point - Zarkasa (2292 m).
The main features of orography of Uzbekistan connected with features of geological structure of above-mentioned the mountain systems.
This bond found expression in these, that between mountain ranges located spacious foothill and intermountain depressions, the large from which is
Tashkent-Golodnosteppe, Fergana Zarafshan, Kashkadarya and
Please note that Uzbekistan's fourthousanders (Uzbekistan's Mountain Peaks, which are above four thousands meters high) are located in border areas. For example the
Khazret Sultan Peak, the highest point of Uzbekistan (4,643 m), is located on the border between Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, in Surkhandarya Province, in the Uzbek part of the Gissar Range.
The Adelung Peak (4,301 m) the highest peak in Pskem Range in extreme north-east of Uzbekistan's Tashkent Province as well as the nearby the Beshtor Peak (4,299 m), located a little further to the south-west in the same range, are situated near to Kyrgyz border. Therefore even local climbers cannot go there without a special permit. Besides, there is no transparent procedure of getting the permits to border areas, which haven't good infrastructure of tourism, into the bargain; therefore organizing of any expedition there takes enormous efforts, time and money. Knowing this most of climbers prefer the
Fann mountains near to Uzbekistan with good infrastructure,
Asian Patagonia of Pamiro-Alay in Kyrgyzstan,
Experienced Climbing in Ala-Archa, Kyrgyzstan or the Chimgan Mountains (both, in winter and in summer) near to Tashkent.
We can offer you very interesting experience of rock climbing in the Chimgan mountains. There are routes of 1B-4B Russian grade. We can provide you with
official certificate of successful climbing. We provide gears and can guarantee your success.
The suggested route is a traverse of three peaks (3A by Russian grade): the Greater Chimgan
(3309 m), the Kichkina (2879 m) and the Aukashka (3099 m). It will take 4-5 days.
Magnificent landscapes and challenge rock climbing. You can see a picture of proposed route below.
Chimgan Mountains are invariably attractive
for mountaineers. The wide variety of Chimgan and its surroundings allows the
activity in all kinds of mountaineering and landscape tourism. Mountains
(Small and Greater Chimgan Peaks - 3,309 m) of Chatkal range, plateaus, the
Black Waterfall (40 m) at the lower part of
Greater Chimgan Peak,
Novotasha waterfalls, attract a lot of tourists from Uzbekistan and abroad.
The Greater Chimgan Mountain (3,309 m) of the Chatkal Mountain range (the Western Tian Shan) is located in the territory of the
Ugam-Chatkal National Park, and it is in the Bostanlyk administrative district (Tashkent Province), Uzbekistan.
The Chimgan village was settled 400-500 years ago in the mountain massive of dominant the
Greater Chimgan peak (3,309 m), at an altitude of 1,620 m.
Some experts see Chinese words in the name "Chimgan" but others translate it as "sod" or "pasture abundant in water, green valley".
For generations of those, who live in Tashkent province, the Greater Chimgan
Mountain is the place of romantic gravitation.
The Greater Chimgan Mountain is known to mountaineers since the beginning of the 20 century.
For those who want to experience of rock climbing, hiking and mountaineering Chimgan Highlands caters many opportunities. Chimgan Highlands have been a host for many other outdoor activities such as hang gliding, skiing, snowboarding and horseback riding.
For many years the Greater Chimgan was the first challenge for thousands beginners of Soviet mountaineering.
A great number of routes of several levels of complexity (from 1B to 4B inclusively) allows a wide spectrum of mountaineering. Beginners at climbing usually take on the uncomplicated
Western Ridge of the Greater Chimgan Mountain (1B Russian grade), while there are plenty of more complicated routes for experienced climbers.
Driving from Tashkent through Galvasay
village to the recreation zone "Chimgan" at the foothill of Chatkal
range in West Tien Shan (100 km, 1,5 hours, 1,300 m). Going up by a good path to
the Pesochniy pass (1,832 m). Descending to the
gorge of the Gulkamsay
river. After rest in the birch grove go through one of the most beautiful
places in the mountains of Uzbekistan - the Gulkam canyon.
Canyoning. Rock chap at
times converging up to 5 m having numerous small waterfalls, baths, rock gorges
and with frequent wades can be walked through in 2 hours. Lunch is organized in
the picturesque grove at the end of canyon. After rest crossing on the country
road around the Smaller Chimgan Peak (2,100 m). Majestic panorama of Ugam, Pskem and
Koksu ranges of the West Tien Shan surrounding
Charvak water reservoir opens up
from the road. After 3 hours drive arrival in Chimgan village. Departure by car
to Tashkent along Charvak reservoir. See the map ...